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IT Consultant vs Software Engineer: What’s the Difference?

So, you want to be an IT Consultant? No. Wait. You want to be a software engineer. Right? Hang on. Which one does which? What if you need to hire an IT consultant? Is that the case? Or are you looking for a software engineer? We are being deliberately confusing here to set up the situation in which IT professionals frequently find themselves involved. 

The distinction between IT consultant and software engineering roles often intertwine, and often, many job descriptions use the titles interchangeably. However, they hold distinct responsibilities and have different career paths. Understanding the nuances between these two professions will help someone considering a career in tech or businesses looking to find the track that is right for them, or if you are looking for support for your team, to hire the right talent. In this blog post, we’ll use Unosquare’s expertise and experience to dissect the roles of an IT consultant and a software engineer and help set the right path for understanding what you want to do or who you need to hire for your project.

Education Track

Let’s start at the beginning and look at what type of study, coursework, or degree you need to follow the track of either profession. The tech field is known for its flexibility in terms of educational paths, but there are definitely some preferred routes.

Degrees for IT Consultants:

  • Computer Science: This is pretty much the gold standard for almost any tech job. A degree in computer science provides a strong foundation in programming, systems analysis, and network fundamentals – all crucial for an IT consultant.
  • Information Technology: A more specialized degree in IT covers topics more closely aligned with an IT consultant’s role, like system administration, network architecture, and cybersecurity.
  • Business Information Systems: This degree merges IT and business, perfect for those who want to understand how technology solutions fit within a business context.
  • Management Information Systems (MIS): Like Business Information Systems, an MIS degree focuses on managing and implementing information technology in a business setting.

Degrees for Software Developers:

  • Computer Science: Again, a computer science degree is highly valued. It dives deep into programming languages, software engineering principles, and algorithm design, which are the bread and butter of a software developer.
  • Software Engineering: Some universities offer specialized degrees in software engineering, which focus specifically on the design, development, and maintenance of software.
  • Computer Engineering: This degree combines electrical engineering and computer science elements and is excellent for those interested in hardware-software integration and software development.

Alternative Pathways:

  • Bootcamps and Online Courses: Bootcamps and online courses have gained traction, especially in software development. They offer intensive, practical training in specific programming languages or development tools.
  • Certifications: Certifications in particular technologies or methodologies (like Agile, Scrum, etc.) can bolster your qualifications, especially for IT consulting roles.
  • Self-Taught Route: Particularly in software development, being self-taught, coupled with a strong portfolio, can sometimes substitute for formal education.

Key Takeaways:

  • Foundational Knowledge: A strong foundation in computer science principles is invaluable for IT consulting and software development.
  • Specialization vs. Versatility: Software development leans more towards technical specialization, while IT consulting often requires a broader, more versatile understanding of technology and business.
  • Continuous Learning: The tech field evolves rapidly. Continuous learning through courses, certifications, and self-study is crucial regardless of your degree.

While there are preferred degrees for entering the fields of IT consulting and software development, the tech industry is known for its openness to diverse educational backgrounds. The key is a solid foundation in tech principles, a willingness to learn and adapt continuously, and a passion for technology.

IT Consultant vs. Software Engineer: The Key Differences

Though these roles seem similar, they are distinct in their responsibilities, skill sets, and career trajectories. Let’s break it down:

Scope of Work:

  • IT Consultant: Think of IT consultants as the Swiss Army knives of the tech world. They’re versatile, adaptable, and ready to tackle various challenges. Their work often involves advising businesses on how to use technology to meet their goals, solve specific problems, or improve the efficiency of IT systems and processes. It’s not just about tech; it’s about understanding business needs and translating them into technical solutions.
  • Software Engineer: Now, software engineers are the architects and builders of the digital world. Their primary focus is on creating and maintaining software applications, which involves coding, yes, but also a lot of planning, testing, and problem-solving to ensure that software runs smoothly and efficiently. Software Engineers are deeply involved in the technical nitty-gritty of software development.

Skill Set:

  • IT Consultant: These pros need to be tech-savvy, no doubt. But equally important are their analytical skills, communication prowess, and understanding of business processes. They’re often in client-facing roles, so distilling complex tech concepts in simple terms is the type of talent this role needs.
  • Software Engineer: For software engineers, it’s all about technical proficiency. They need a strong command of programming languages, software development methodologies, and systems engineering. Their role is less about direct client interaction and more about diving deep into code and technical challenges.

Work Environment:

  • IT Consultant: Diversity is the name of the game here, as IT consultants often work for consulting firms or as independent contractors, and they hop between different projects and clients. Consider then that you will constantly adapt to new environments, teams, and challenges or look for talent who excels and feels comfortable with this interchangeability. 
  • Software Engineer: Software engineers usually find themselves in more stable, predictable environments, whether it’s at tech companies, startups, or corporate IT departments. They tend to have longer-term involvement with specific projects or products.

Career Path:

  • IT Consultant: The consultant’s path is dynamic. It can lead to specialized consulting roles, management positions, or even pivoting into different areas of business and technology.
  • Software Engineer: Software engineers have a clear-cut trajectory within the tech domain. They can move up to senior developer roles, become experts in specific technologies, or transition into management positions in engineering teams.

Is a Consultant Better Than a Software Engineer?

Whether being an IT consultant is better than being a software engineer is akin to comparing apples and oranges. Both roles have their unique set of challenges and rewards. As noted in discussions on platforms like Reddit and Quora, IT consultants often work with various clients and industries, allowing them to tackle diverse problems and continually adapt to new environments. The benefit of this type of exposure can lead to a broader skill set and a more dynamic work life.

On the other hand, software engineers, as highlighted in our digital product development services at Unosquare, typically focus on building and maintaining software. This role allows for deep specialization in specific technologies or industries, offering a sense of mastery and the chance to intensely influence the products they work on.

Which is Better: IT or Software Engineering?

Deciding which path is better depends largely on individual preferences and career aspirations. If you enjoy diverse challenges and working with different clients, IT consulting, as shown in our delivery model at Unosquare, could be more fulfilling. It’s a role that demands adaptability, strong communication skills, and a broad understanding of various technologies and business processes.

On the other hand, software engineering is ideal for those who are passionate about coding and wish to delve deeply into the technical aspects of software creation and problem-solving within a specific domain as detailed in Indeed’s career advice, software engineers often find satisfaction in seeing their code come to life in products used by end-users.

Can a Software Engineer Be a Consultant?

Absolutely! The skills of a software engineer can be precious in a consulting role. A software engineer with strong technical expertise can transition into consulting, offering insights and solutions to clients based on their technical prowess. This hybrid role can be enriching, as it combines the satisfaction of solving complex engineering problems with the dynamic nature of consulting work.

Which Role is Better: Developer or Consultant?

Choosing between a developer (or software engineer) and a consultant role again refers to personal preference and career goals. Consulting might be your calling if you thrive in a varied work environment and enjoy interfacing with clients and understanding their unique needs. You will likely hire a consultant if your company’s work culture is an “all hands” approach.

In contrast, if you find joy in the art of coding and creating and refining software products, a developer role might suit you better. This path allows for deep technical expertise and the chance to be intimately involved in the product development lifecycle. If you have strong technical leadership and a track record of successful delivery, a software developer is the skill set that would best augment your technical team(s)


IT consulting and software engineering offer rewarding career paths with challenges and opportunities. When choosing between these two paths, assessing your skills, interests, and career aspirations is essential. Whether embracing the dynamic nature of consulting or delving deep into the intricacies of software development, both roles play a pivotal part in the tech industry.

By leveraging insights from various sources and our own experience at Unosquare, we hope this article sheds light on these two fascinating career paths in the tech world.


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